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【即時報導】2017 斯里蘭卡水患:氣候災難影響五十萬人民生計

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(大雨造成的土石流導致房屋被掩埋,許多居民受傷與死亡。圖片來源

Written by Suranjith B. Koralegedara and Amali I. Hettiarachchi 共同撰寫

 


 

本文作者為斯里蘭卡在台留學生,目前就讀於中研院國際研究生計畫。

The authors are students from Sri Lanka and currently studying at Taiwan International Graduate Program at Academia Sinica, Taiwan. 

 


 

過去幾週以來,斯里蘭卡遭受到極強烈的大雨襲擊。根據 529 日上午的報導,斯里蘭卡國家災難處理中心估計水災和土石流已經造成 164 人死亡、104 人失蹤。在全國 25 個行政區中有 15 個成為災區,無家可歸的人數高達 50 萬人。在西部省、南部省、西南省、以及 Sabaragamuwa 省、以及中央山地西部地帶災情特別嚴重。政府持續對部分地區發布土石流及水災警報,特別是主要河流的下游地區,居民已經被要求疏散到鄰近區域。

 

 

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(受災區多分布於斯里蘭卡西南方省分。圖片來源

 

這場特大災難主要是由西南季風的雨量所引起。斯里蘭卡氣象局預測未來幾天雨量還會持續,因為西南氣流持續進入,同時在孟加拉灣形成的熱帶風暴 MORA 也助長雨勢蔓延。這場災難造成 2003 年以來最大的水患。同時雨量也會阻礙救災的進行,並且讓土石流變得更加嚴重。此外,水患也可能助長霍亂、痢疾、以及登革熱等傳染病的散播。

水患和土石流阻礙了交通運輸、甚至讓某些地方完全與外界斷絕聯繫。根據國家水資源供應與工程委員會的報告,某些地區的自來水供應已經受到影響,而且可能隨雨勢持續而影響更大。在某些地區,因為電線受損或為了減少災情,電力供應也被迫中斷,政府已經關閉災區學校並取消所有國家考試。

 

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(政府軍隊展開救援計畫。圖片來源

 

目前政府、軍隊、以及警察已經展開新一波的援救計畫。有些報導也稱在某些地區已經有數日沒有飲水及食物供應,考量高水位阻礙交通,空投援助已經成為唯一選項。目前斯里蘭卡政府已經同意接受國際社會援助,印度、中國、部分國家、以及一些非政府組織已經開始提供援助與救援。

 

 

  • Original English version

Sri Lanka was severely affected by massive torrential rain and subsequent flooding in the past several days. According to the latest report as per the May 29th morning, by the disaster management center in Sri Lanka, the number of deaths reported in floods and landslides was increased to 164 while 104 people had gone missing. This disaster was widespread into 15 out of 25 administrative districts in the country displacing nearly 500,000 people. Western, South, Southwestern, Sabaragamuwa provinces and the western slopes of the central mountains areas are the worst hit by the event. Landslide warnings are still issued for several districts and flooding situations in the downstream areas of the major rivers are still developing and the residents were asked to evacuate from the surrounding areas.  

This extreme disaster situation was triggered by the early South-West monsoon rains. The Department of Meteorology of Sri Lanka expect further rain in the coming days due to the fact that the South-Western monsoon has been established in the region that brings more moisture rich air that could form rain clouds as well due to the tropical storm (“MORA”) formed in the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean.  The disaster is described as one of the worst-ever calamities since the 2003 floods. Further rain will endanger the rescue operations as well as trigger more landslides in the already soaked hilly areas and elevate floods affecting more people in the country. There’s another threat as water borne diseases like Cholera, Diarrhea, and Dengue-like diseases might spread by an increase of mosquito by stagnant water after the flood situation is easing.

Floodwater and landslides hampered vehicular movement and have completely isolated certain areas. According to the National Water Supply and Drainage Board, the water supply too has been disrupted due to the current situation in certain areas and warned that water supply for more areas to be suspended if the flooding situation continues. Electricity supply has also been suspended due to the damages to the power supply lines and to lower the accidents. The government has also closed schools in affected areas and all scheduled national examinations were also canceled. Currently, the government agencies, the armed forces, and Police along with volunteers from the general public have now launched an extensive rescue and relief operations in the affected areas. Some reports indicate there are people in some remote villages were left out with no water or food for days. Higher water levels and blocked roadways cause rescue and relief operations extremely difficult and some areas air aid is the only option for relief work. Sri Lanka is accepting international support for relief missions as per now India, China and some other countries as well as major International non-governmental organizations have offered relief donations.

 

 


 

#編按:斯里蘭卡外交部已經在今日透過駐各國大使館向各界求援,因為斯國與台灣無外交關係也無駐台單位。因此在此收錄該國駐泰國大使之公開信,信中有需要的物資清單以及捐款帳號。

 

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【參考資料】

[1]:首頁封面圖片來

 

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